Neutering is the term given for the removal or the reproductive organs. Female dogs and cats are ‘speyed’ by removing their ovaries and uterus and male dogs and cats are ‘castrated’ by removing their testicles. In both, the operations is performed whilst the animal is under anaesthetic and will be hospitalised for the day only. The benefits of neutering far out weigh the disadvantages.
In cats, males are less inclined to roam or fight, reducing the risk of cat bite abscesses, road traffic accidents and it also reduces the spread of fatal diseases such as feline AIDS and feline leukaemia. Male cats will also tend to stop spraying in the house. Female cats should be speyed to reduce the risk of unwanted pregnancy. It is a myth that animals should have a litter first prior to speying. All cats should be neutered at approximately 6 months of age, we can spey females whilst they are pregnant also. They do not have to carry a litter to term if they are pregnant. In the UK, we have so many unwanted animals, that many healthy ones are now being put to sleep.
Dogs also benefit from neutering. In males, neutering decreases the chances of developing health problems such as prostate and testicular disease and also reduces problems with territorial and sexual aggression and other undesirable male behaviours.
In females dogs, it is of utmost importance to neuter for health reasons. Speying decreases the incidence of breast cancer and ovarian cancer.The rate of developing this cancer is greatly reduced the earlier the bitch is speyed. It eliminates the chance of developing a serious and potentially fatal infection of the uterus called pyometra. This is a life threatening condition. Speying also eliminates seasons, unwanted pregnancy and undesirable behaviours such as blood spotting (in bitched) and the attraction of all available males to your garden. We generally find that the safest time to spey a bitch is 3 months after their season and again it is a myth that these animals benefit from a litter. This is NOT the case and is irresponsible pet ownership.
Not forgetting our friends at the bottom of the garden, rabbits,guinea pigs and ferrets are also included in the neutering month. It is found that 80% of female rabbits over the age of 2 years old will have uterine cancer which can be prevented by routine speying. In both male and female rabbits,neutering will reduce spraying also. Guinea pigs should also be neutered routinely from about 4 months onwards as the can have uterine infections. Ferrets are no different as female ferrets can die if not mated during their season and male ferrets should be castrated to improve their temperament and reduce unwanted male behaviour.
The simple fact is that neutering greatly increases the lifespan and health of your pet and increases their quality of life as well!
If you would like any more information on this sevice offered by KewVets, please contact us.